Table 1:

Concentrations (µg/g) of Cd, Cu, and Zn in Anadara granosa reviewed from regional studies and Malaysia.
No. Locations WB Cd Cu Zn Authors
Field collected samples
1 Upper gulf of thailand ww* Min 0.36 0.27 15.0 Hungspreugs and Yuangthong [26]
ww* Max 0.53 0.42 17.5
2 Some coastal areas in thailand and malaysia ww* Min 0.63 0.89 19.6 Everaarts and Swennen [27]
ww* Max 1.09 0.91 25.1
3 Bombay harbour (1976-1980) ww* Min 0.53 1.54 13.3 Patel, et al. [28]
ww* Max 0.86 2.11 25.1
4 Thailand coastal waters ww* Min 0.05 0.86 8.00 Phillips and Muttasasin [29]
ww* Max 0.15 1.40 11.0
5 Northern part of peninsular malaysia ww Min 0.20 0.80 14.6 Devi [30]
ww Max 0.79 1.60 23.1
6 Lekir, perak ww* Min 1.16 1.20 12.2 Mat, et al. [24]
7 Batu kawan and K. Selangor ww* Min 0.40 0.65 10.6 Mat and Maah [25]
ww* Max 1.31 0.86 12.2
8 Retail outlets in kuala lumpur (4 sites) ww Min 1.23 0.64 12.9 Mat [31]
ww Max 1.42 0.80 14.7
9 Coastal waters of peninsular malaysia (19 sites) ww Min 0.10 0.25 8.00 Liong [32]
ww Max 0.90 6.00 40.0
10 Coastal waters of peninsular malaysia ww Avg 1.91 0.51 19.2 Jothy, et al. [33]
11 Kuala juru, penang, malaysia ww* Min NA NA 35.2 Ibrahim [34]
ww* Max NA NA 44.8
12 Sg. Bahru ww* Avg 0.30 1.25 17.8 Yap and Lo [35]
13 Kuala juru ww* Avg 0.17 2.58 20.3 Yap and Lo [35]
14 Bayan lepas ww* Avg 0.24 1.27 24.9 Yap and Lo [35]
15 Batu melintang ww* Avg 0.22 3.82 36.1 Yap and Lo [35]
16 Sg. Ayam ww* Avg 0.23 1.22 18.8 Yap and Lo [35]
17 Minyak beku ww* Avg 0.33 0.51 12.0 Yap and Lo [35]
18 Kuala juru ww* Avg 0.25 1.40 38.7 Yap, et al. [36]
19 Kuala kurau ww* Avg 0.63 1.07 17.5 Yap, et al. [36]
20 Jeram ww* Avg 1.79 1.03 18.1 Yap, et al. [36]
21 KRG-1 ww* Avg 0.13 0.38 10.9 Yusof, et al. [5]
22 KRG-2 ww* Avg 0.65 0.62 18.8 Yusof, et al. [5]
23 KRG-3 ww* Avg 0.49 0.32 10.7 Yusof, et al. [5]
24 KRG-4 ww* Avg 0.47 0.60 14.7 Yusof, et al. [5]
25 KRG-5 ww* Avg 0.41 0.46 14.0 Yusof, et al. [5]
26 KRG-6 ww* Avg 0.28 0.49 13.3 Yusof, et al. [5]
27 KRG-7 ww* Avg 0.51 0.58 25.8 Yusof, et al. [5]
28 KRG-8 ww* Avg 0.84 0.41 30.0 Yusof, et al. [5]
29 KRG-9 ww* Avg 0.51 0.56 18.9 Yusof, et al. [5]
30 KRG-12 ww* Avg 0.12 1.73 18.8 Yusof, et al. [5]
31 KRG-14 ww* Avg 0.16 0.37 10.1 Yusof, et al. [5]
32 KRG-16 ww* Avg 0.28 0.51 12.5 Yusof, et al. [5]
33 KRG-20 ww* Avg 0.12 0.93 19.8 Yusof, et al. [5]
34 KRG-21 ww* Avg 0.07 0.42 12.3 Yusof, et al. [5]
35 KRG-22 ww* Avg 0.03 0.35 7.94 Yusof, et al. [5]
Laboratory study
1 Exposure of 0.25 mg Cd/L for 16 days wet Min 4.00 NA NA Chan, et al. [21]
wet Max 20.0 NA NA
2 Exposure of 0.28 mg Cu/L for 24 hours ww* Avg NA 13.7 NA Yap, et al. [37]
3 Six days of 0.100 mg Cu/L accumulation ww* Avg NA 3.46 NA Yap, et al. [38]
4 Four days of depuration after four days of 0.10 mg Cu/L exposure ww* Avg NA 2.24 NA Yap, et al. [38]
5 Six days of 1.0 mg Zn/L accumulation ww* Avg NA NA 50.4 Yap, et al. [38]
6 Four days of depuration after four days of 1.00 mg Zn/L exposure ww* Avg NA NA 35.5 Yap, et al. [38]

Note: BDL: Below Detection Limit; WB: Weight Basis; BDL: Below Detection Limit; *: indicated the wet weights are converted from dry weight by a multiplying factor of 0.19 (Yap, et al. [36]) for Anadara granosa; NA: Not Available; Avg: Average; min: Minimum; max: Maximum.